孟庆功入伍 30年来,先后在 5型潜艇上工作,参加了国产某新型潜艇首艇建造、下水、试 验试航,国产某新型鱼雷、新型导弹定型试验 ; 多次参加远航训练和其他重大任务。
孟庆功一直从事潜艇机电专业和装备技术保障工作,被官兵称为潜艇专家、潜艇博士, 先后获得军队科技进步一等奖 1项, 三等奖 5项, 两次荣立二等功, 被评为海军首届十大杰 出青年,海军“学雷锋标兵” 。近日,记者专访了海军某潜艇支队总工程师孟庆功,分享了 他 30年的军旅经历和感悟。
孟庆功:那个时候,艇队的条件不像现在,非常差,我们是两个专业班,二三十个人睡 一个房间,都是大通铺。你看书,没有地方。熄灯之后,只有一个地方,是可以亮灯的,就 是洗漱间。在这个灯泡下面,拿一个小方凳,坐一个小马扎,就在这里学习。通过我这么一 学, 带动了很大的一批, 好多人都开始加入这个成人自学考试, 我们当时一条潜艇学习氛围 非常浓厚,一条艇上有 20多人参加成人自学考试。
孟庆功:我通过这个自学以后, 那么就到他们艇上去, 就参加到他们各个专业训练中去, 包括出海、训练、一些疑难杂症,做了很多。包括给老百姓学雷锋服务,每年都给老百姓修 理很多的电视机。 我就在 93年的时候被评为 “海军学雷锋标兵” , 同时我还改进了潜艇的快 速充电装置,改进了很多的电路,形成了一些成果。所以这样,这样我在 93年年底就转成 干部了。提干之后到上海进行了半年的干部培训, 回来之后, 正好组建国产的新型潜艇。那 么从这段时间就开始接这些潜艇, 这里面确实对我前几年学的机械电子起了重大作用。 这里 面的自动化程度非常高, 都是计算机控制系统,主电机全自动操作,发电机全自动操纵,柴 油机、 发电机你按一个按键、 旋一旋旋钮就可以了。 我到这上面去学习, 应该说还是很轻松, 游刃有余。
孟庆功:因为我已经把这基础全都学会了。 跟他们制造商、 工厂、 院所, 跟他们给制造, 边试验试航,边进行系统改造和完善,给他们出了大量的注意和改进意见。
2000年的时候,我们去执行检验它的自给力。潜艇出去之后,你别看上去有点冷,装 备工作不了三天,温度就会特别高, 大家都穿一个短裤, 身上都是痱子,一个礼拜基本上给 大家保证洗一次澡,否则的话容易烂裆、起痱子、身上得皮肤病,非常严重。结果一去制造 淡水, 制淡机烧掉了, 电工一去看, 说不行了, 它里面有六块控制电路板, 是爆炸性的损坏, 都烧黑了,都爆掉了,没备件。
孟庆功:但是它的好处有一张图纸, 那么虽然我没有在这个艇上待过, 也没有学, 但是 它的图纸,让我慢慢地,我可以看得懂。在海上我研究了三天。去的时候,有故障怎么办。 当时赶上老装备报废,留下了大量的备件,我去的时候就带了二极管、 三极管,两大蛇皮袋
孟庆功:我把这个原理了解了之后, 那我就用我带的东西打一个控制箱, 做了一个控制 电路控制单元, 做了三天在海上,白天晚上的做。 还得通过必要的试验去调整这此参数,最 后制淡机就恢复了,大家都可以洗澡了。我觉得很伟大很自豪。
我现在远航非常多,出去之后,我不光是电工,各种专业,雷达、声纳、无线电、轮机 电工、 柴油机, 我都可以给它保障。 就这一次我出去的时候, 它柴油机有一个检爆阀一个螺 杆断在柴油机里去了, 那我们按着一般的方法就是说断了这个螺杆的话, 你得把它使电钻钻 个洞,有一些工艺和方法可以取出来,这个地方是电焊焊上去,所以电钻根本就打不动了, 一台柴油机就没发工作了。 所以后来我就通过其他的办法, 改进周围的结构, 做了一个专用 的工具,在柴油机把它固定住,所以他们觉得也很奇迹,很神奇 !
记者:看你各个专业都可以保障,而且有 12次远航的经历,那不是说每个总工都能去 的,是因为这您不去有很多问题遇到了解决不了。
记者:那您有这么好的技艺,掌握了这么多的技能, 那您怎么去带动大家,让他们也掌 握专业的维修技术和技能,让他们能更好地执行任务。
孟庆功:这方面我也做了大量工作, 让大家把被动的去保障, 变成主动自主的保障提高 自己的保障能力做了很多的工作。从 2000年我当了修理科长之后,当时跟我的老部长一起 带了一帮人去做了一套软件——《潜艇装备管理信息系统》 ,通过这套信息系统的管理,就 把大家就笼到信息管理上来了。 这个里面要求数据要及时的更新, 设备工作多长时间, 设备 这个月检查了哪些内容?有什么隐患?排除了几个故障?这个故障现象是什么?怎么排除 的?用的是哪些工具?你有什么收获?通过对一些学习要求、 考核, 通过一些设备的保障一 些方法的归类, 一些修理条例的完善做了大量工作, 让大家向这方面的去聚焦。 这方面成绩 还是比较明显的, 包括我们建立了很好的奖惩机制, 我们通过科学准确、 公平公正的一些奖 惩措施, 为大家的自主去学习, 自主保障起了很好的促进作用。 我们这条软件和我们一些管 理系统, 海军舰机部专门来我们这里开现场会, 专门要求各潜艇部队去学习, 现在的海军也 在做装备的信息化保障这套系统, 我们从 2000年这套系统进行启动, 我们到 2003年就非常 完善的一套系统。
孟庆功:现在的保障呢,下一步的难度越来越大,一个是老装备越来越老,备件越来越 少,故障率也会越来越高,下一步也还有新装备接进来, 肯定更高科技,所以怎么在装备的
及时修理, 及时保障, 艇员怎么去提高自身的维护和修理水平, 特别是提高我说的这些开创 性的、 应急的一些手段来解决装备保障的问题上, 那我们现在做了大量的工作, 在这里培训、 奖惩,通过各种的课件、管理,也有很多的子模块,不断的提高它的能力。目前支队自我保 障的能力,还是对整个潜艇常态化的远航,在装备方面还是有信心的。
记者:您当兵有 30年的军旅经历,有过那么多荣誉,也有那么多的辛苦,给我们分享 一下这 30年来您的军旅生涯的不同感悟。
孟庆功:我觉得呢, 一个是学习是极其重要的。学习不一定在学校内能完成, 像我就是 通过自己的努力,包括到后期我还参加全国研究生通考,我也考到海军工程大学的研究生。
另外一个就是一定要去思索、 思考和创新, 不断地去完善自己去创新。 你要想成为一个 领导者, 你要想成为一个人才, 一定要站在把现有的岗位做好, 站在现有的岗位更上一层去 分析问题、 去看问题,站在领导的岗位上去考虑专业的管理、 部队的管理, 不要光局限于那 种被动的, 领导怎么安排,我就怎么做, 这种同志也是个好同志, 领导怎么安排了不打折扣 地完成, 但是你也只是成为的一个普通的人, 要真正要能够做到出类拔萃, 一定要想方设法 看得更高一些、更高一层。
Meng Qinggong enlisted for 30 years, successively in the five type work on submarines, participated in the domestic first boat building, launching a new submarines, test trial, domestically produced a new type of torpedo, the type test of the new missiles; Sail training and other major task for many times.
Meng Qinggong submarines have been engaged in mechanical and electrical professional and equipment technology security work, known to soldiers as submarine experts, Dr Submarines, successively won military science and technology progress award item 1, 5, third prize twice won the www.lyzhwm.com merit citation class ii, was awarded the navy's first ten outstanding youth, navy \"learn thunder feng pacesetter\". Recently, the reporter interviews the team a navy submarine Cheng Shimeng general celebrate, to share experiences and lessons in the army for his 30 years.
Meng Qinggong: at that time, the condition of TingDui unlike now, very bad, we are two special course, 20 or 30 people sleep a room, big TongPu. You read a book, no place. After lights out, only one place, can be bright, is the bathroom. In the light bulb below, take a small square stool, sit a camp chair, studying here. Through I learned this, led a group of a lot, a lot of people are beginning to join the adult self-study exam, we had a submarine study atmosphere is very thick, a vessel more than 20 people attend adult self-study exam.
Reporter: when did you mention dry?
Meng Qinggong: after I through the self-study, then to their yachts and attend to them in various professional training, including sea, training, some difficult problems, do a lot. Including service for people to learn lei feng, every year to people to repair a lot of television. When I was in 93 was named \"navy study thunder feng pacesetter\", at the same time I also improved the fast charging device of submarine, improved the lot of circuit, formed some results. So, so I went into the cadres at the end of 93. Which cadres
training to Shanghai for half a year, after come back, just a domestic new submarines. So from that time began to pick up these submarines, it does, indeed, for a few years ago I learn mechanical electronic played a big www.hbjrzj.com role. Here a very high degree of automation, it is the computer control system, main motor automatic operation, the generator automatic control, diesel engine, generator you press a button, a rotary knob. What should I say to this study, is very easy, comfortable.
Reporter: when new submarines also soon cottoned on to your hands.
Meng Qinggong: because I already have learned all this basis. Manufacturers, factories, institutes, and with them with them to manufacture, and test trial, system reform and perfect, give them a lot of attention and improvement.
In 2000, we went to perform inspection it self. Submarine after go out, you don't look a little cold, equipment didn't work for three days, the temperature is particularly high, everyone wear a shorts, body heat rash, almost a week to take a shower, otherwise easy to rotten fork, heat rash, skin disease, very serious. Results to make fresh water, fresh water machine burned, electrician to see, say not, it has six control circuit board, be explosive damage, blackened, blasting off, no spare parts.
Reporter: what do I do that?
Meng Qinggong: but it has the benefits of a drawing, so even though I didn't stay in the boat, also didn't study, but it's drawings, let me slowly, I can understand. I studied for three days at sea. Go, what to do with defective. At that time to catch up with the old equipment scrapped, leaving a large number of spare parts, I go to take the diode and triode, snakeskin bag, and a lot of people don't understand, say you to take the lemon? I said the thing might be useful.
Reporter: the key time for real work.
Meng Qinggong: after I put this theory to understand, that I can use my take a control box, made a control circuit control unit, for three days at sea, day and night. Still have to go through the necessary test adjust these parameters, finally make light machine is restored, everyone can take a shower. I feel very great pride.
After sailing now very much, I go out, I not only is the electrician, a variety of professional, radar, sonar, radio, turbine electrician, diesel engine, I can give it. Just this once, while I'm out it diesel engine has a check valve is a screw is broken in the diesel engine, we according to the general method is to break www.alwcom.com the screw, you have to make a drill to drill a hole in it, there are some techniques and methods can be taken out, this place is welding welding, so there is something wrong with electric drill don, a diesel engine didn't work out. So later I will through the other way, improve the surrounding structure, made a special tool in diesel engine, it so they feel very miracle, amazing!
Reporter: you this is someone else called universal engineer, that is worthy of the name. Meng Qinggong: also don't have all the answers.
Reporter: look at you every professional can guarantee, and there are 12 sailing experience, that does not mean that every general can go, because it you know never don't go to have a lot of problems encountered.
For commander Meng Qinggong: yes, at least, it is after, I went to the doctor.
Reporter: you have such a good skill, mastered the skills, so much that you how to lead others, let them also to master professional maintenance technology and skills, make them better able to perform a task.
Meng Qinggong: I also have done a lot of work on this aspect, let everybody take passive safeguard, become active independent guarantee to improve their security the ability to do a lot of work. When I became a repair section chief in 2000, at the time with my old minister took a person to do a set of software - \"submarine equipment management information system\", through the information system of management, put all the cage to information management. The required data to timely update, equipment, working hours, equipment checked what this month? What are the risks? Ruled out several failure? What is the failure phenomenon? How to eliminate? With what tools? Do you have any harvest? Based on some kind of learning requirements, evaluation, through some equipment guarantee some method of classification, some repair the perfection of regulations have done a lot of work, let everybody to to focus on this. This includes achievement is obvious, we established a good rewards and punishment mechanism, we through the scientific and accurate, fair and some measures of rewards and punishments for everybody to learn independently, independent guarantee played a good role in promoting. We this software and some of our management system, the naval machine department dedicated to we open the attendant here, specifically asked the submarine force to learn, now the navy is doing equipment information security of the system, we started from 2000 in this system, we in 2003 is a very complete system.
Reporter: what do you focus on the future, the aim of weaponary what are you going to do, to enhance our effectiveness?
Meng Qinggong: now the security, the difficulty of the next step is more and more big, the one is the old equipment is more and more old, less spare parts, also will be more and more high failure rate, the next step and new equipment to come in, also must be higher science and technology, so how to timely repair of equipment, timely, crew how to improve the level of its maintenance and repair, especially improve I said these groundbreaking, emergency some means to solve the problem of equipment support, that we do a lot of work, now here training, rewards and punishments, through a variety of courseware, management, there are also many sub-modules, constantly improve the ability of it. The team the ability of self protection, or for the entire submarine normalized sailing, have confidence in the aspect of equipment.
Reporter: you have 30 years experience in the army as a soldier, had so much honor, also there are so many hard, give us to share the 30 years of military service you different feeling.
Meng Qinggong: I think, a study is extremely important. Learning does not necessarily will finish at school, as I am through their own efforts, including to late I also take part in the
national his graduate student, I also got his graduate student of university of naval engineering.
Another is must be thinking, thinking and innovation, constantly to perfect ourselves to innovation. If you want to be a leader, if you want to become a talented person, must stand in the existing jobs well, standing in the position to the next level to analysis of the existing problems, to see a problem, stand in the leadership post consider professional management, the management of forces, don't confined to the sort of passive, leadership how to schedule, I will do, this is a good comrade comrade, leadership how to arrange with no discounts, but you can just be an ordinary person, to really be able to achieve excellence, must try to see some higher and higher layer.